The tent is a temporary (collapsible) shelter having flexible sheet spread over or suspended on the rigid framework of poles. Tent size ranges from smaller teepee tent capable of housing one person to large bivouac that provides a temporary house for thousands of people. Tents are crucial for it gives you one of the basic needs of man – shelter.
Popularly, they are for recreational camping, protest movements, military base, and for emergency (refugee, people displaced from their home). Tents have histories with nomads of different ethnicity. Tents are in different shapes and size depending on the purpose and manufacturer design.
Different types of tents give cosy rooms, deluxe organisation, and fascinating interior. Some are ultralight, fit snugly into a backpack. They can be easily toted along in rough and inclined terrain or typography, therefore letting you take a deep rest after long hours walk without the need for massage.
Many tents have designs to face the terror of weather agents like high-intensity rainfall, high temperature, and prevailing winding without disappointment. Most of this weather element affect humidity and either increases evaporation or condensation. Most tent manufacturers provide a solution by using materials in ply or arrays to keep these processes in the ambient state for human comfort.
Tents are used extensively by soldiers, campers, and nomads. They also provide shields for festival and ceremonies like wedding, birthday parties and backyard parties.
Parts of a tent
It is also known as a rain fly. Flysheet or rainfly is a waterproof material that keeps water from leaching down to the inner sheet. It drains condensed water from reaching the tent inner sheet. There are extra poles between the flysheet and the tent living area to prevent water movement and heat transfer between the two membranes.
- Inner sheet
The inner sheet is the sleeping area of this tent. In case of a rainfly, it is porous for breathing and gaseous exchange. The single skin tent is made of waterproof and breathable material to regulate temperature and blissful aeration for human sustenance.
The vestibule is an essential reservation for items not fitting to occupy space in the living area. It is floorless and serves as storage for boots, cooking utensil, equipment. Depending on the other purposes you want your tent to fulfil, you can have it either in pocket size or an entire tent compartment or partition.
A groundsheet is a waterproof barrier that separates the bare ground and the sleeping bed. Some tents have this sewn in such that it is in position as the tent is being erected. The chosen tent may be of separate groundsheet with bathtub, 15cm projection onto the side of the inner sheet, for protection against influx of water and insect attack. A separate groundsheet can’t guarantee all-round sealing against water and insect.
Strength and support come from the poles which may be wooden, fibreglass or metal. The collapsible pole is foldable for easy transportation and erection.
It provides anchorage to the ground, and hope against the prevailing wind. It also referred to as tent pegs or screw. Some tents come with guy cable that is attached to the poles ends. There are pegs formed from metal, wood, plastic and you will need a mallet to drive them inside the ground.
- Air vent
It is a provision that reduces condensation by enhancing ventilation. It allows colder air to replace the hotter air in the tent for scavenging water vapour and oxygenating the air.